What is the difference between a meteor and a photon falling to the Earth?
The meteor travels faster, the further it falls, the photon does not. The meteor
is easy to understand. It has linear mass and for the sake of argument, is not spinning.
Gravitational attraction between the meteor and the Earth exerts a force that causes
them to accelerate towards each other. The force is equal between planet and meteor
which is why the Earth does not appear to move. The classical expression for this
F = G
There are problems with this expression. It assumes the objects are static and have
no dimension, both of which are wrong. This is explored in GravitationalAttractionbut we can note that as only light can pass through the event horizon of a black
hole, all falling objects have to convert to light as they approach it. What appears
on the other side is another thing entirely, as discussed in BlackHole.
In order to be captured by the planet, the photon has to ‘surrender’ some of its
rotational inertia. I suspect the amount is a function of how much energy it has
and how massive the gravity well of the planet is. Light that has a very low frequency
of much less than 1Hz for example will not interact with the planet and pass through
undetected this is discussed in photondecay.
The Pushta: (Push-ta, as opposed to ejecta)
The spinning matter is gyroscopically stable. It spins so fast, it would be internally
unstable and rip itself apart if it were not for the huge pressure preventing this.
It cannot collapse into the more compact triangular form as the contra spin from
the neighbours prevents this. This is also true for the layers above and below.
Everything that falls into a black hole is lost forever, right? Quasars are the brightest
objects in the universe and they are supermassive black holes (Astronomers just have
two names for the same thing). All that energy comes from the surface? How so? Material
falls in on the galactic equator, how does it ‘magically’ get to the North and South
Let’s just imagine that it falls in. How does it get out. The Quasar tells us; from
So we need to imagine a mechanism where this can happen. The material cannot be ejected,
it would have to be travelling at greater than the speed of light. So it has to be
A slice through the polar column (looking down)
Matter falls into the black hole at the galactic equator (white arrows). The matter
contributes two components to the black hole: Its rotational momentum and its mass
(bearing in mind that only light fell into it). If matter were to fall directly
into the black hole, for instance, material from outside its own galaxy, it would
not contribute to its rotational momentum and would have to be pushed out (eventually;
The matter has nowhere to go when it reaches the centre of the black hole. Now it
is picked up by either the North or South Toroidal Motors (Blue zone). These are
the twin hearts of the black hole and where almost all of its rotational momentum
is stored as they spin about the poles (blue arrows). The matter circulates as shown
by the black arrows (hmm). Note that the total rotational momentum of this motion
The motors compress and order a small amount of matter along the axis of the poles
(red line). Some is directed North and some South in equal measure. This material,
see insert above, again has no rotational inertia as the spins are balanced but there
may be some residual inertia from the motors giving the column a tiny amount of corkscrew.